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Karasu Relief

The Neo-Hittite rock relief stands over the Karasu river valley, briefly before it joins to Euphrates. It was first reported by geologists Krummenacher and Wilson in 1956, while they were exploring the area. The relief is carved on a flattened rock surface in a niche. It shows a deer with long antlers, and on the deer stands a male figure with a bow over the left shoulder and a spear in the extended right hand. Over him is a winged sun disk. Unfortunately the sun disk and the head of the figure were blown away in 1976 by some "treasure hunters". There are no inscriptions. The figure is thought to be Runtiya (Runda, Kurunta), God of Protection. The male figure wears a short tunic and pointy shoes as a god would have, but the head-piece did not have a horn. Based on the style, the relief is estimated to be from 10th or 9th centurty BC.

A Neo-Hittite settlement has been found in the Karasu area and it is possible that this was the protective god of this settlement. An artificial ditch in the size of 3x12 meters has been found in the proximity of the relief. Between the ditch and the relief, about 30 separate libation holes have been found, which may suggest that it was a spot for religious ceremonies.


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Burney, Lawson Hellenkemper, Wagner Hellenkemper, Wagner
B.Bilgin 2011 B.Bilgin 2011 B.Bilgin 2011 B.Bilgin 2011



Literature:
Burney, C. A. and Lawson, G. R. J. "Urartian Reliefs at Adilcevaz, on Lake Van, and a Rock Relief from the Karasu, Near Birecik," AnSt 8,
    1958: 211-18 (218 and plt. XXXIV).
Hellenkemper, H. and J. Wagner, "The God on the Stag: A Late Hittite Rock-Relief on the River Karasu," AnSt 27, 1977: 167-73.

Image sources:
C. A. Burney, G. R. J. Lawson, 1958.
H. Hellenkemper, J. Wagner, 1977.
Bora Bilgin, Ertuğrul Anıl, Ercüment Süer, Cüneyt Süer, 2011