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Karakuyu Hittite Dam

The Hittite dam is located in near the village of Karakuyu, at the Pınarbaşı district of Kayseri. Its presence was first noted by H. Z. Kosay and H. H. von der Osten during the course of a survey in 1931 which was followed by a publication of von den Osten in 1933. More recently the site was re-excavated by K. Emre, T. Sipahi, and T. Yıldırım from Ankara University in 1987-1989. This small irrigation reservoir has a 440 meter long U-shaped embankment on three sides, open side facing south. In the middle of the northern embankment is a 1.4 meter wide and 8 meter long sluice, which was built using large rectangular stone blocks in the style of empire period Hittite masonry. A large block of stone that formed part of the sluice and was found in situ contains a two line hieroglyphic inscription with the name Tudhaliya IV in it, and thus dates the structure to the second half of the 13th century BCE. The first line bears the cartouche of Tudhaliya IV with Labarna, Great King, and Hero titles on both sides of his name. To the right of this is the name of his father Hattusili. The second line lists the names of some gods and mountains. For preservation purposes, at some point in 1930s or 40s the inscription was cut off from the large blok that contains it and removed from the site. It is currently on display in Kayseri Museum. A second large stone block that bears the remains of an incomplete inscription remains in situ.


Click on pictures for a larger image.

View of embankment from south - B.Bilgin 2011 View of northern embankment with the remains of sluice in the middle - B.Bilgin 2011 Remains of sluice - B. Bilgin 2011 Remains of sluice - B. Bilgin 2011 North and east embankments - B. Bilgin 2011 T. Bilgin 2006 K. Bittel



Literature:
Emre, Kutlu. "Hittite Dam of Karakuyu," in Prince Mikasa (ed.), Essays on Anatolian archeology. Wiesbaden, 1993: 1-42.
Forlanini, M. "Le Mont Sarpa," Hethitica VII, 1987: 73-87.
Hawkins, J. D. "Tudhaliya the Hunter," FsdeRoos, 2006: 49-76 (61-62, Fig. 11).
Meriggi, Piero. Manuale di eteo geroglifico. Parte II: Testi 2a e 3a serie. Roma, 1975: 315-16.

Image sources:
Tayfun Bilgin, 2006
Bora Bilgin, Ertuğrul Anıl, Ercüment Süer, Cüneyt Süer, 2011
Kurt Bittel. Denkmäler eines hethitischen Großkönigs des 13. Jahrhunderts vor Christus. Opladen, 1984.