Arslantepe is the current name of the Hittite city site of Malidiya (Malizi, Melid, Assyrian Meliddu) from where the nearby modern city of Malatya got its name. Arslantepe (arslan=lion and tepe=hill) gets its name from the lion statues excavated at the location. It is located on the bank of Euphrates about 4 km to the north-east of modern day Malatya. It was an important Hittite settlement in all ages of Hittite period and even before, but it became a major site as a Neo-Hittite city state. It retained Hittite traditions long after the fall of the Empire. Compared to other Neo-Hittite cities, the monuments in Arslantepe display more similarities to the empire period traditions. The Lion Gate and the courtyard were decorated with numerous orthostats. With the exception of a few orthostats in Malatya museum, most of the finds are displayed in Anatolian Civilizations Museum in Ankara.
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|Statue of Storm God|
Tayfun Bilgin, 2006, 2017.
Mora, 2013, Arslantepe IX, p. 273.