Main Page


Double bull statue base has been found in the small village of Sefalı (Aşağı Şeyek) which lies about 3 km to the north of Mehmedihan (now Dağyanı) village mid-way between Urfa and Viranşehir. The heads of the bulls are broken. The rectangular hole on top is the mortise hole that once held the tenon of a statue. The basalt base is 1 meter long, 95 cm high and 85 cm wide. Repeated front legs of the bulls for front and side view and presence of covers on them indicate Assyrian influence and a date in the late 8th century BCE has been suggested. It is on display in Şanlıurfa Museum.

A second double bull base was found in the same village although its find spot is not known. It measures about 90 cm in length, 61 cm in width and 59 cm in height. It looks unfinished but has same stylistic features as the first one.

Other sculptured fragments have been noted in the same village during a survey in 1998 by Fikri Kulakoğlu (last row). These include top part of a limestone stele with a male figure in adoration pose, a fragment from lower section of a basalt statue with decorative bands, and a bull relief, perhaps in situ, carved on a block in a door structure.

Click on the pictures for larger images.

T. Bilgin, 2017 T. Bilgin, 2017 T. Bilgin, 2017 T. Bilgin, 2017 T. Bilgin, 2017
F. Kulakoğlu, 1999 F. Kulakoğlu, 1999
Second double bull base - F. Kulakoğlu, 2006 F. Kulakoğlu, 2001 F. Kulakoğlu, 2001 F. Kulakoğlu, 2003

Kulakoğlu, F. "Late-Hittite Sculptures from the Şanlıurfa Region," BMECCJ XII, 1999: 167–81.
Kulakoğlu, F. "Şanlıurfa M.Ö. I. Binyıl Merkezleri Yüzey Araştırması," Araştırma Sonuçları Toplantısı 18, 2001: 57–66.
Kulakoğlu, F. "Şanlıurfa Bölgesinde Yeni Keşfedilen M.Ö. I. Binyıl Heykeltraşlık Eserleri," Türk Arkeoloji ve Etnoğrafya Dergisi 2, 2001: 27–34.
Kulakoğlu, F. "Şanlıurfa’da Son Yıllarda Keşfedilen Geç Hitit Heykeltraşlık Merkezleri ve Eserleri," 2002 Yılı Anadolu Medeniyetleri Müzesi Konferansları, Ankara, 2003: 65–87.
Kulakoğlu, F. "Some Neo-Assyrian Sculptures from Şanlıurfa Province (Upper Balikh)," in Studies in Honor of Hayat Erkanal: Cultural Reflections, İstanbul, 2006: 515–22

Image sources:
Tayfun Bilgin, 2017.
Fikri Kulakoğlu, 1999, 2001, 2006.