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Sakçagözü

Ruins of the Late Hittite city state are located at Coba Höyük near the village of Sakçagözü (Sakçegözü) about 50 km west of Gaziantep. The original name of the city is not known. The site was first noted by Karl Humann and Felix von Luschan in 1883 and first excavations were carried out in 1908 and 1911 by John Garstang of the University of Liverpool. A large palace complex with a gateway decorated with orthostats and statues were uncovered. Several other orthostats found mostly near surface in secondary locations are believed to be part of an outer wall/gate structure. The finds have been dated to the 8th century BCE. In 1939 most of them were transferred to Ankara where today they are displayed in the Anatolian Civilizations Museum. The Lion Hunt orthostat (first image at the bottom row) is in the Pergamon Museum.


Click on the pictures for larger images.

The gateway during excavations

J. Garstang, 1908 J. Garstang, 1908 Gate plan of Sakçagözü - adapted from W. Orthman (USK, 1971)

The left wing of the gateway
T. Bilgin, 2014 B. Bilgin, 2022 B. Bilgin, 2022 T. Bilgin, 2014 T. Bilgin, 2006 T. Bilgin, 2014 B. Bilgin, 2022 B. Bilgin, 2022

Double sphinx columnbase
J. Garstang, 1908 J. Garstang, 1908 T. Bilgin, 2006 T. Bilgin, 2006 T. Bilgin, 2006 B. Bilgin, 2022 B. Bilgin, 2022

The right wing of the gateway
T. Bilgin, 2014 B. Bilgin, 2022 B. Bilgin, 2022 B. Bilgin, 2022 B. Bilgin, 2022 T. Bilgin, 2014 T. Bilgin, 2014

Lion hunt othostat
Relief is a representation of a lion hunt. The three-piece basalt orthostat was first noted in 1880 as built into the courtyard wall of a house in Sakçagözü, and were reportedly brought from a nearby höyük. Altogether it is about 1.16 meters in height and 2.65 meters in length, and originally about 0.50 meter in thickness before the blocks were trimmed down to 15 cm and transferred to Berlin by Humann and Puchstein. The archer on the chariot might be the king, as suggested by the winged sundisk above his head. It is dated to around 750 BCE and currently in Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
Lion hunt - T. Bilgin, 2010 Lion hunt - T. Bilgin, 2010 Lion hunt - T. Bilgin, 2010

Other orthostats
B. Bilgin, 2022 B. Bilgin, 2022 J. Garstang, 1908 Possibly from Sakçagözü, Gaziantep Museum - T. Bilgin, 2019


Literature:
Genge, H. Nordsyrisch-südanatolische Reliefs, Kĝbenhavn, 1979. (v.1: 150–53 and v.2: Figs. 77, 78, 82, 84, 100)
Orthmann, W. Untersuchungen zur späthethitischen Kunst, Bonn, 1971. (Sakçagözü)
Ussishkin, D., "The Date of the Neo-Hittite Enclosure at Sakçagözü," BASOR 181, 1966: 15–23.
(List of Abbreviations)


Image sources:
Tayfun Bilgin, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2019.
Bora Bilgin, 2022.
John Garstang, AAA 1, 1908.