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Kültepe

Two basalt orthostats were found by Bedřich Hrozný in 1925 during his excavations in the citadel area of Kültepe. Reportedly they were not found in situ. Hittite name of Kültepe was Neša. Thousands of cuneiform tablets from the Old Assyrian trade period (19th-18th centuries BCE) were found in excavations. However, the site was not settled by Hittites during the Empire period. Both of the orthostats date to the Late Hittite period. Better preserved one is about 0.9 meter high and 0.7 meter wide. It shows a god, possibly the Hittite tutelary deity, holding a long spear on the right hand (cf. Zincirli) and a bird and hare (by the hind feet) on the left hand. This orthostat is on display in the Kayseri Museum. The second orthostat is only a bottom half which shows the legs of a male figure who wears pointy shoes. Today, the whereabouts of this orthostat is unknown. Also in the citadel area, several small fragments of reliefs and orthostats were found as used in later period structures.


Click on the pictures for larger images.

T. Bilgin, 2006 E. Anıl, 2020 B. Hrozný, 1927



Literature:
Hrozný, B. "Rapport preliminaire sur les fouilles tchécoslovaques du Kultépé (1925)" Syria 8, 1927: 1-12 (4-5 and Pl.II).
Orthmann, W. Untersuchungen zur späthethitischen Kunst, Bonn, 1971: 113–15, 145, 260–61, 518–19; Plt. 38.
Özgüç, T. Demir devrinde Kültepe ve civarı, Ankara, 1971 (6–11 and Plt. X–XII).

Image sources:
Tayfun Bilgin, 2006.
Ertugrul Anıl, 2020.
Bedřich Hrozný, 1927.