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Arslantepe (Malitiya)

Arslantepe is the current name of the Hittite city site of Malidiya (Malizi, Melid, Assyrian Meliddu) from where the nearby modern city of Malatya got its name. Arslantepe (arslan=lion and tepe=hill) gets its name from the lion statues excavated at the location. It is located on the bank of Euphrates about 4 km to the north-east of modern day Malatya. It was an important Hittite settlement in all ages of Hittite period and even before, but it became a major site as a Neo-Hittite city state. It retained Hittite traditions long after the fall of the Empire. Compared to other Neo-Hittite cities, the monuments in Arslantepe display more similarities to the empire period traditions. The Lion Gate and the courtyard were decorated with numerous orthostats. With the exception of a few orthostats in the Malatya Museum, most of the finds are displayed in the Anatolian Civilizations Museum in Ankara.

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The Site
Lion Gate
B. Bilgin, 2017 B. Bilgin, 2017 B. Bilgin, 2017 T. Bilgin, 2006 B. Bilgin, 2017 B. Bilgin, 2017 Malatya museum - T. Bilgin, 2017 Malatya museum - T. Bilgin, 2017
King is pouring libation King is pouring libation B. Bilgin, 2017 B. Bilgin, 2017
B. Bilgin, 2017 B. Bilgin, 2017 King is pouring libation Slaying of the dragon Illuyanka
King is pouring libation Libation scene Libation scene Malatya museum - T. Bilgin, 2017
Other Orthostats
B. Bilgin, 2017 Lion hunt Stag hunt God and Goddess - B. Bilgin, 2017 Mora, 2013 J.D. Hawkins, 2000 - photo: H. Gonnet
Statue of the Storm God and other fragments
as excavated B. Bilgin, 2017 Statue - T. Bilgin, 2014 Statue head - W. Orthmann, 1971

Delaporte, L. Malatya I. La porte des lions, Paris 1940.
Frangipane, M. "Melid. B. Archäologisch," RlA 8, 1993: 42-52.
Hawkins, J. D. "Melid. A. Historisch," RlA 8 1993: 35-41.
Hawkins, J. D. Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions, Vol 1, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2000: 282-329 and plts. 147-52, 155-56, 163-64.
Metzger H. "Une lecture nouvelle des reliefs de Malatya," Revue Archéologique 1978: 195-204.
Orthmann, W. Untersuchungen zur späthethitischen Kunst, Bonn, 1971.
Pecorella, P. E. "Una stele neoetea da Malatya," Athenaeum 47 (Fs Meriggi), 1969: 226-235.
Pugliese Carratelli, G., "Sulla stele neotea di Malatya," La Parola del Passato 127, 1969: 279-80.
Vieyra, M. "Une stèle hittite de Malatya," CRAIBL 90, 1946: 130-35.

Image sources:
Tayfun Bilgin, 2006, 2017.
Bora Bilgin, 2017.
Clelia Mora, Arslantepe IX, 2013: 273.
J. David Hawkins, 2000.
Winfret Orthmann, 1971.
Museé du Louvre, 1985.