Fragments of Monumental Inscriptions and Reliefs
Several fragments of basalt blocks with Hieroglyphic Luwian inscriptions were found near the Ancoz village (now Eskitaş), which is located at the north bank of the Euphrates river and Atatürk dam lake, about 30 km to the southeast of Kahta. Earliest fragments were noted in 1958 but most of them were recovered between 1975 and 1979. Some of the blocks were found on a hill near the village, where classical era ruins were visible on the surface, and some others were found built into the walls of the houses of the village. Most of the blocks display two lines of inscription, although some are noticeable only by traces. Hawkins indicates that stylistically they are similar to Boybeypınarı, which is associated with king Suppiluliuma of the Neo-Hittite kingdom Kummuh. Some fragments (Ancoz 4, 7) mention Suppiluliuma and his son Hattusili, which would suggest a date in the early 8th century BCE. The improved reading of Ancoz 5 revealed a father-son pair in reverse order: "Hattusili and Suppiluliuma, father and son", which may suggest more than one ruler with either one of these name (see M. Poetto, 2010, in GsNeu). Several new fragments have come to light in recent years. The bottom fragment of Ancoz 1 and most of the other fragments are in the Adıyaman Museum. The upper fragment of Ancoz 1 is in the Adana Museum. Whereabouts of a few fragments is not clear.
The last picture below is a fragment of a relief depicting a seated woman, possibly the goddess Kubaba (see Karkamış). It was first found in 1937 but remained in use as a doorsill in the village of Ancoz. It may have been moved along with the earliest recovered inscribed pieces to Ankara in 1958 but its current whereabouts is unknown.
Click on the pictures for larger images.
|Ancoz 1, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10|
Hawkins, J. D. Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions, Vol 1, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2000: 330-60 and plts. 171-76 and 185-88.
Poetto, M. "Un frammento inedito in luvio geroglifico da Ancoz," Orientalia 73 (FsCarruba), 2004: 469-71.
Poetto, M. "L'Iscrizione luvio-geroglifica Ancoz 5 (A) rivista e completata," Hethitica 16 (GsNeu), 2010: 131-42.
Poetto, M. "Un nuovo frammento in luvio geroglifico da Ancoz (ANCOZ 12)," in FsHawkins 2010: 188-92.
Hawkins, J. D. "Gods of Commagene: The Cult of the Stag-God in the inscriptions of Ancoz," in Diversity and Standardization. Munich 2013: 65-80.
Orthmann, W. Untersuchungen zur späthethitischen Kunst, Bonn, 1971: 101, 479, Taf. 5g.
J. David Hawkins, Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions. 2000.
Massimo Poetto, Hethitica XVI, 2010.
Massimo Poetto, Orientalia 73, 2004.
Bora Bilgin, Cüneyt Süer, Ertuğrul Anıl, Ercüment Süer, 2011.
Tarık Yazıcı, 2012.
M. J. Mellink, AJA 64, 1960.