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Double Horse Statue Base

The basalt statue base shows a pair of horses carved in relief on its sides. It was first noted in 1883 and apparently was still present during the excavations of the German Oriental Society in 1988-1902, but got lost subsequently. However, in a picture taken in 2019 in the village of Zincirli, the rear right corner of the base can be seen as used in the garden wall of a house. It is likely that in the early years of the 20th century the base was broken into smaller pieces and used as rubble. The hollow section at the top must have been used to erect a statue on the base. Although double-bull and double-lion statue bases are commonly encountered in the Late Hittite art, this is probably the only one with horses. It is suspected that the base and its statue were erected as a monument just outside the Hilani II building. No dimensions were provided by von Luschan other than noting that it was enormous in size. It is uncertain whether the two horse head statue fragments found in Zincirli were part of this monument or not. A date around the late 8th to early 7th century BCE has been suggested.

Click on the pictures for larger images.

F. von Luschan, 1911 F. von Luschan, 1911 A fragment of the base in the Zincirli village - artofwayfaring.com, 2019

Literature:
Gilibert, A. Syro-Hittite monumental art and the archaeology of performance, Berlin, 2011 (Zincirli 89).
Orthmann, W. Untersuchungen zur späthethitischen Kunst, Bonn, 1971 (73; Zincirli K/3).
von Luschan, F. Ausgrabungen in Sendschirli, vol. IV. Berlin, 1902: 333–38.

Image sources:
Felix von Luschan, 1911.
artofwayfaring.com, 2019.