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Tell Açana

Tell Açana (Tell Atchana) is the modern name of the ancient site of Alalakh. It has come under Hittite occupation during the reign of Suppiluliuma I from 14th century till its destruction in 12th century. The site also has rich findings from pre-Hittite period. The orthostat of Tudhaliya was found reused as a paving stone in the staircase of a later era temple. Most recent reading of the worn out inscriptions identify the two figures as "Tudhaliya, Great Priest, Prince" and "Ašnu-Hepa, Princess," who are suggested to be contemporaries of king Mursili II (Yener, Dinçol, Peker, NABU 2014-4). This identification dates the orthostat to sometime around late 14th-early 13th century BCE. Orthostat and the gate lions are currently in Antakya Museum.


Click on the pictures for larger images.

Orthostat of Tudhaliya - K. Bittel, 1976 Orthostat of Tudhaliya - E. Anıl, 2010 Gate lions - B. Bilgin, 2006 Gate lion - E. Anıl, 2010



Literature:
Yener, K. A. (ed.) The Amuq Valley Regional Projects, v. 1. OIP 131, Chicago, 2005.
Woolley, L. Alalakh, An Account of the Excavations at Tell Atchana 1937-1949, Oxford, 1955.

Image sources:
Kurt Bittel, Die Hethiter, München, 1976.
Bora Bilgin, 2006.
Ertuğrul Anıl, 2010.