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Suratkaya Inscriptions

In year 2000, a group of lightly carved hieroglyphic Luwian inscriptions were discovered on the back wall of a rock shelter by archeologist Anneliese Peschlow-Bindokat. The location known as Suratkaya is about 1000 meter high in the Beşparmak Mountain (ancient Latmos), near the lake of Latmos (ancient Gulf of Latmos). There are 5 groups of signs distributed over a 12 by 4 meter rock surface. The left most group of the signs mentions the Land of Mira, while others appear to be names of some princes. The largest and the most clear one of the signs is the 5th group which includes a name that has been read as Kupaya. This was suggested to be the same person as Mira king Kupanta-Kurunta, whose name may have been in Karabel. However the name is accompanied with the title "Great Prince" which is very unusual considering that even the actual princes of the Hittite great kings did not use such a title. It is known that Kupanta-Kurunta was the adopted son of Mira king Mashuiluwa, and the latter was married to a Hittite princess, a daughter of Suppiluliuma I. If the Kupanta-Kurunta association can be accepted, the inscription may date to end of 14th century BCE.

Click on pictures for a larger image.

T.Bilgin T.Bilgin Group 1-4 - T.Bilgin Group 1-2 - T.Bilgin Group 3 - T.Bilgin Group 4 - T.Bilgin Group 5 - T.Bilgin

Peschlow-Bindokat, A. "Die Hethiter im Latmos. Eine hethitischluwische Hieroglyphen-Inschrift am Suratkaya
      (Besparmak/Westtürkei)," Antike Welt 33.2, 2002: 211-15.
Peschlow-Bindokat, A. and S. Herbordt, "Eine hethitische Großprinzeninschrift aus dem Latmos," Archäologischer
2001: 363-78.

Image sources:
Tayfun Bilgin, 2012.