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Malkaya Rock Inscriptions

Malkaya (Mal Kaya, Malkayası) is situated on Emirburnu hill between the villages of Sevdiğin and Yağmurlukale, about 14 km. northwest of Kırşehir. On this flat-topped, roughly rectangular shaped limestone boulder standing alone in a barren pasture, there are somewhat irregularly distributed inscriptions on four sides, and it is not clear if they follow any order. Some parts of it is heavily damaged, but the inscriptions on the northside are a bit longer and somewhat better preserved. Original study on the rock was done by H.Th. Bossert. More recent treatment of the inscriptions by Hawkins and Weeden indicates the names of a prince "..-ziti son of Ura-Tarhunda" and a princes "..-parinaya". It should be noted that prince or princes title does not necessarily indicate the child of a king; several Hittite officials, possibly members of extended royal family, carry such titles. The names are repeated on other sides of the rock. Based on paleography the inscription is dated to Empire Period. There is extensive damage to the rock by treasure hunters. It was dynamited on several sides, and holes were dug at the base of the rock.


Click on pictures for a larger image.

T.Bilgin - 2009 T.Bilgin - 2009 West and southwest face - H.Ehringhaus Detail from west side - T.Bilgin-2009 Detail from northwest side - T.Bilgin-2009 Detail from west side - H.Ehringhaus Holes on the south side - H.Ehringhaus Damage by explosives on the top side - T.Bilgin-2009



Literature:
Bossert, H. Th. 1958. "Die H-H Inscrift von Malkaya," Orientalia NS 27, p. 325-50.
Hawkins, J. D. and Weeden, M. 2008. "The Hieroglyphic Rock Inscription of Malkaya: A New Look," AAS 17, p. 241-50.

Image sources:
Tayfun Bilgin, Bora Bilgin, Ertuğrul Anıl, 2009.
Horst Ehringhaus. Götter, Herrscher, Inschriften. 2005, Zabern. ISBN 3805334699.