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Kurunta Monument

This Hittite rock relief is located near the village of Hatip about 9 km south of Konya city center. It was announced by Hasan Bahar and Ali Dinçol in 1996. The relief and the hieroglyphic inscriptions are carved on a flattened rock surface of about 5 meters by 2 meters. The relief shows a male figure striding to the right. In his outstretched left hand is a vertical spear. The tall, conical hat, bow on his right shoulder, kilt and a short sword stuck in his belt, and pointy shoes display great similarities to some other Hittite monuments, such as Gavurkale and Karabel. However the short sleeves of the tunic is unique to this relief. About a meter behind the relief is the inscription: "Kurunta, Great King, Hero, son of Muwatalli, Great King, Hero". Dinçol indicates that the conical hat has horns in front, therefore it should represent a Hittite god rather than a king.

Kurunta was one of the two known sons of Muwatalli II. After Muwatalli's death, the other son (Urhi-Tešup) had become king taking the name Mursili (III). But after only a few years, with the help of Kurunta, their uncle Hattusili III usurped the throne from Urhi-Teššup. Kurunta was rewarded with an appanage state based on his father's new capital Tarhuntassa. After the death of Hattusili III, his son Tudhaliya IV and Kurunta possibly had a conflict on the kingship of Hatti.


Click on pictures for a larger image.

T.Bilgin T.Bilgin T.Bilgin T.Bilgin H.Ehringhaus H.Ehringhaus



Literature:
Bahar, H. "Konya-Hatip'te Bulunan Yeni bir Hitit Anıtı - Eine neues hethitischen Denkmal in Konya-Hatip," Arkeoloji ve Sanat 73, Temmuz-A?ustos 1996: 2-8.
Dinçol, A., B. Dinçol. "Hatip Anıtı'ndaki Hiyeroglif Yazıt," Arkeoloji ve Sanat 73, 1996: 8-9.
Dinçol, A. "The Rock Monument of the Great King Kurunta and its Hieroglyphic Inscription," in III. Uluslararası Hititoloji Kongresi Bildirileri.
    Çorum 16-22 Eylül 1996
. Ankara, 1998: 159-66.
Dinçol, A. "Die Entdeckung des Felsmonuments in Hatip und ihre Auswirkungen über die historischen und geographischen Fragen des Hethiterreichs,"
    TÜBA-AR 1, 1998: 27–35.

Image sources:
Tayfun Bilgin, 2009.
Horst Ehringhaus. Götter, Herrscher, Inschriften, Zabern. 2005.