Main Page
Türkçe

Darende Stele

This basalt stele measuring 79 x 30 x 20 cm was found in old Darende, about 2 km west of modern day Darende in Malatya province. In 1920s, it was said to be found in the wall of a mosque and moved to Gök Medrese building which was serving as Sivas Museum at the time. The original location of the stele is unknown. It is decorated with a 6-line hieroglyphic Luvian inscription on one side and reliefs on other three sides. On the Side A is a relief of goddess Hepat of the City seated on a chair holding a curved staff and a drinking cup. Her name is written twice on both sides of the head and "of the City" is written behind the chair. Side D has a relief of god Sharruma also holding a curved staff and a drinking cup, and standing on a lion. His name is written behind him. Side B has a male figure facing right, standing on a lion and pouring libation. The inscription identifies this figure as a ruler of Malatya (Malizi) named Arnuwanti (II), son of PUGNUS-mili (II), and grandson of King Arnuwanti (I). He is also the author of İspekçür stele, and his grandfather King Arnuwanti (I) is possibly a brother of Runtiya of Gürün and Kötükale inscriptions. The inscription is a dedications to the gods for founding of a city. Geneological dating places the stele to four generations after Kuzi-Teššub to somewhere around the early 11th century BCE, but other arguments exist towards a later dating too. The stele is currently in Anatolian Civilizations Museum in Ankara.


Click on the pictures for larger images.

B. Bilgin, 2008 B. Bilgin, 2008 J. D. Hawkins, 2000 (Photo: I. J. Gelb) J. D. Hawkins, 2000



Literature:
Hawkins, J. D. Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions, Vol 1, Berlin, 2000: 304–5 and plts 145–46.
Bossert, H. Th. "Die späthethitische Stele aus Darende," AfO 17, 1956: 347–53.
Orthmann, W. Untersuchungen zur späthethitischen Kunst, Bonn, 1971. (Darende 1)

Image sources:
Bora Bilgin, 2008
J. David Hawkins, 2000.