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Bulgarmaden Inscription

The rock inscription is located on a rock cliff near the Madenköy village (also known as Bolkar Maden, Bulgarmaden) of Adana, south of the road between Ulukışla and Çiftehan. The location is about 20 km northwest of the Clician Gates (Gülek Pass on the Taurus mountains) and about 30 km east of İvriz. The hieroglyphic Luwian inscription is about 400 meters above the road and covers an area of 1.5 meter by 1.3 meter. It mentions the name of the ruler Tarhunaza who is apparently a vassal of King Warpalawa of Tuwana (see İvriz and Bor). The text indicates that Tarhunaza received the Mount Muti (possibly Bolkar Mountain) as a gift from Warpalawa, and Tarhunaza thanks him and the gods. He also advices future rulers to make offerings, and adds a protective curse against anybody who damages the inscription. It is dated to the second half of the 8th century BCE.


Click on pictures for a larger image.

J. H. Haynes, 1887, Harvard University Library J. D. Hawkins - photo: H. Gönnet J. D. Hawkins C. Süer E. Anıl



Literature:
Hawkins, J. D. Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions, Vol 1, Berlin: de Gruyter, 2000: 521-25 and plts. 297-99.
Kalaç, M. "Bolkar-Maden Kaya Yazıtı - Die Felsenschrift von Bolkar-Maden," Anadolu Araştırmaları 4/5, 1976-77: 61-69.
Yener, A. "Bulgarmaden: Thought About Iron, Bolkardağ and the Taurus Mountains," FsHawkins, 2010: 183-91.

Image sources:
Ertuğrul Anıl, Cüneyt Süer, Ercüment Süer, Bora Bilgin, 2011.
J. David Hawkins, 2000.
Harvard University Library