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Fragments of Monumental Inscriptions

Several fragments of basalt blocks with hieroglyphic Luwian inscription were found near the Ancoz village (now Eskitaş), which is located at the north bank of the Euphrates river and Atatürk dam lake, about 30 km to the southeast of Kahta. Some of the blocks were found on a hill near the village, where classical era ruins were visible on the surface, and some others were found built into the walls of the houses of the village. Most of the blocks display two lines of inscription, although some are noticeable only by traces. Hawkins indicates that stylistically they are similar to Boybeypınarı, which is associated with king Suppiluliuma of the Neo-Hittite kingdom Kummuh. Some fragments (Ancoz 4, 7) mention Suppiluliuma and his son Hattusili, which would suggest a date in early 8th century BCE. The improved reading of Ancoz 5 revealed a father-son pair in reverse order: "Hattusili and Suppiluliuma, father and son", which may suggest more than one ruler with either one of these name (see M. Poetto, 2010, in GsNeu). Several new fragments have come to light in recent years. The bottom fragment of Ancoz 1 and most of the other fragments are in Adıyaman Museum. The upper fragment of Ancoz 1 is in Adana Museum. Whereabouts of a few fragments is not clear.


Click on pictures for a larger image.

Ancoz 1, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10
Ancoz 1 - Hawkins 2000 Ancoz 1 - T.Yazıcı
Ancoz 5 - Hawkins 2000 Ancoz 5 - Poetto 2010 Ancoz 5 - B.Bilgin Ancoz 5 - C.Süer
Ancoz 7 - Hawkins 2000 Ancoz 7a - C.Süer Ancoz 7b - C.Süer Ancoz 7c - C.Süer Ancoz 7d - E.Anıl
Ancoz 8 - Hawkins 2000 Ancoz 8 - E.Anıl Ancoz 8 - B.Bilgin
Ancoz 9 - Hawkins 2000 Ancoz 9 - C.Süer Ancoz 9 - B.Bilgin
Ancoz 10 - Hawkins 2000 Ancoz 10 - B.Bilgin Ancoz 10 - E.Anıl



Ancoz 2, 3, 4, 6, 11

Ancoz 2 - Hawkins 2000, Photo: Mellink Ancoz 3 - Hawkins 2000 Ancoz 4 - Hawkins 2000, Photo: Mirjo Salvini Ancoz 6 - Hawkins 2000, Photo: M.Özdogan Ancoz 11 - Poetto



Literature:
Hawkins, J. D. Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions, Vol 1, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2000: 330-60 and plts. 171-76 and 185-88.
Poetto, M. "Un frammento inedito in luvio geroglifico da Ancoz," Orientalia 73 (FsCarruba), 2004: 469-71.
Poetto, M. "L'Iscrizione luvio-geroglifica Ancoz 5 (A) rivista e completata," Hethitica 16 (GsNeu), 2010: 131-42.
Poetto, M. "Un nuovo frammento in luvio geroglifico da Ancoz (ANCOZ 12)," in FsHawkins 2010: 188-92.
Hawkins, J. D. "Gods of Commagene: The Cult of the Stag-God in the inscriptions of Ancoz," in Diversity and Standardization. Munich 2013: 65-80.

Image sources:
J. David Hawkins, Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions. 2000.
Massimo Poetto, Hethitica XVI, 2010.
Massimo Poetto, Orientalia 73, 2004.
Bora Bilgin, Cüneyt Süer, Ertuğrul Anıl, Ercüment Süer, 2011.
Tarık Yazıcı, 2012.